The role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in sclerotic changes in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying severity
Background. Preeclampsia is a frequent complication of pregnancy. The literature data and the results of our own studies indicate the development of morphofunctional changes in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns that developed under maternal preeclampsia, in particular, sclerotic processes in these organs, morphogenesis of which is currently unknown. The purpose of the study was to search for the signs of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns, which developed under the conditions of maternal preeclampsia, and to evaluate its role in the development of sclerotic changes in these organs. Materials and methods. Study materials were the tissues of the kidneys, ureters and bladder of full-term fetuses and newborns. All materials were divided into the following groups: I — fetuses and newborns from mothers with physiological pregnancy; II — fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by mild preeclampsia; III — fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by moderate preeclampsia; IV — fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by severe preeclampsia. An immunohistochemical study was performed with monoclonal antibodies to vimentin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, cytokeratins 18 and 19. Results. A comprehensive analysis of the immunohistochemical reactions with monoclonal antibodies to vimentin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, cytokeratins 18 and 19 allowed to reveal in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns developed under the conditions of maternal preeclampsia of varying severity the signs of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which increased with the increasing age of the child, aggravation of maternal preeclampsia. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition was characterized by increased expression of vimentin, smooth muscle actin, desmin and decreased expression of cytokeratins 18 and 19. Conclusions. In the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying severity, the sclerotic changes are caused by the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which becomes more significant from fetus to newborn and with the increasing severity of maternal preeclampsia. Chronic intrauterine hypoxia and activation of the macrophage system in these organs may influence the pathogenesis of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of fetuses and newborns developing under maternal preeclampsia.
Full Text:PDF (Русский)
Tskhai VB, Yametova NM, Domracheva MYa. Current concepts in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Hepatobiliary system functional disorders in pregnant women. Akusherstvo, ginekologiya i reproduktsiya. 2017;11(1):49-55. (in Russian).
Veropotvelyan РN, Tsekhmistrenko IS, Veropotvelyan NР. The modern view of the practicing physician in the pathogenesis of renal damage in preeclampsia. Health of woman. 2016;(111):67-72. (in Russian).
Panakhova NF, Gasanov SSh, Akhundova AA, Aleskerova SM, Polukhova AA. Functional characterization of the kidneys of preterm infants born to mothers with preeclampsia. Rossiyskiy Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii. 2014;59(3):57-62. (in Russian).
Naumova OV. Morfofunktsional'noe sostoianie pochek plodov ot materei s pozdnim gestozom, sakharnym diabetom I tipa i khronicheskim glomerulonefritom v usloviiakh Khar'kovskogo regiona. Diss. kand. med. [Morphofunctional state of kidneys of fetuses from mothers with late gestosis, type I diabetes and chronic glomerulonephritis in conditions of the Kharkiv region. PhD diss.]. Kharkiv; 1999. 16 p. (in Russian).
Sorokina IV, Myroshnychenko MS, Kapustnyk NV, Khramova TO, Dehtiarova OV, Danylchenko SI. Morphological characteristics of kidneys connective tissue of mature fetuses and newborns from mothers, whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying degrees of severity. Wiad Lek. 2018;71(3 pt 1):579-587. (in Russian).
Monogarova NE, Vasilenko IV. The role of epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in the idiopathic fi brosing alveolitis pathogenegis (ordinary interstitial pneumonia). Pathologia. 2010;7(1):80-83. (in Russian).
Djadyk OO, Ivanova MD, Hmara OV, et al. Epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation in the development of interstitial fibrosis in various forms of glomerulonephritis. Achievements of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2009;(12):16. (in Ukrainian).
Myroshnychenko MS. Pathohistological features of the heart and urinary system organs in fetuses and newborns with intrauterine growth retardation. Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis. 2013;(39 Suppl 1):77-81. (in Russian).
Sorokina IV, Myroshnychenko MS, Korneyko IV. The features of smooth muscle actin expression in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of the newborns exposed to chronic intrauterine, acute postnatal and mixed hypoxia. New Armenian Medical Journal. 2017;11(2):33-39.
Pasechnik DG. The role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease and renal cell carcinoma (problems and prospects). Scientific Herald of International Humanitarian University. 2014;(6):30-33. (in Russian).
Khorinko AV, Amarantov DG, Kosareva PV. The role of the disorders of cell matrix interactions in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis progression. Journal of Anatomy and Histopathology. 2016;5(3):84-89. (in Russian).
Barinov EF, Sulayeva ON. Gastrointestinal myofibroblasts: role in regulation of physiological activity and reparation of gastro-intestinal tract. Russian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Coloproctology. 2010;20(3):9-18. (in Russian).
Moskalev AV, Rudoy AS, Apchel AV, Zueva VO, Kazimova OE. Features of biology of transforming growth factor β and immunopathology. Vestnik Rossiiskoi voenno-meditsinskoi akademii. 2016;(54):206-216. (in Russian).
Sorokina I, Myroshnychenko M, Sherstiuk S, Zubova Y, Nakonechna S, Panov S. The morphological picture of local immune responses in the kidneys, ureters and bladder of the foetuses and newborns, who developed in conditions of maternal preeclampsia. Georgian Med News. 2018 Feb;(275):123-132.
Potapov VE, Sinelnik EA, Akimenko MA, et al. Current understanding of the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the progression of chronic kidney disease. Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin. 2016;(161):104-109. (in Russian).
Copyright (c) 2018 KIDNEYS
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© "Publishing House "Zaslavsky", 1997-2018